Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine

Original Article
SJEMed. 2022; 3(1): 063-074

An evidence-based assessment of CPR knowledge among healthcare providers in Saudi Arabia

Authors: Abdulelah Abualfraj, Ahmed Halawani, Ali Alshehri, Reema Hakim, Anas Hamam.

View PDF HTML Fulltext DOI: 10.24911/SJEMed/72-1619377187

Abstract

Background: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) skills are simple and can be mastered easily. Knowledge about these interventions and their potential benefits can aid resuscitative efforts and improve survival. These facts mandate that all healthcare providers, irrespective of their specialty, level of training, or work setting, be competent in initiating and performing CPR. Aim: To assess the level of knowledge of healthcare providers about which CPR modalities, interventions, and medications for nontraumatic cardiac arrest have been proven beneficial in terms of return of spontaneous circulation, intact neurological function, and mortality. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. A standardized electronic questionnaire was formed based on a literature review to assess the knowledge of healthcare providers working in Saudi Arabia about CPR interventions and medications. Responses of the participants were collected via Google Forms and SurveyMonkey. The data were analyzed in Statistical Package for the Social Science V27 to answer the questions of interest. Results: Only 16% of the participants had good knowledge (score >80%) of which CPR modalities have benefit. Physicians ranked the highest, followed by technicians, while nurses and emergency medical services professionals ranked the lowest among the study participants. Being certified in life support courses was not associated with a higher level of knowledge. Conclusion: The overall level of knowledge of healthcare providers of different CPR modalities was average (score = 60%-80%) which is below expectation. Efforts should be made to improve this knowledge among healthcare providers to understand which modalities benefit patients in cardiopulmonary arrest better.

Keywords:   Evidence based medicine, cardiac arrest, epinephrine, emergencies, health personnel, prognosis.


© Copyright: Author(s)

An evidence-based assessment of CPR knowledge among healthcare providers in Saudi Arabia


Authors
Abdulelah Abualfraj
Emergency Medicine Department, Ministry of the National Guard - Health Affairs, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Emergency Medicine Physician, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Ahmed Halawani
Emergency Medicine Assistant Consultant, King Fahd General Hospital, Ministry of Health, Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia
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Ali Alshehri
Emergency Medicine Department, Ministry of the National Guard - Health Affairs, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Emergency Medicine Consultant, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Reema Hakim
King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Primary Health Care-Bahra, Ministry of the National Guard - Health Affairs, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Family Medicine Consultant, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Anas Hamam
Emergency Medicine Consultant, King Fahd Armed Forces Hospital, Ministry of Defense, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Abdulelah Abualfraj, Emergency Medicine Department, Ministry of the National Guard - Health Affairs, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.; abdulelahshafiq@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 23 Jul 2021
Revised 17 Sep 2021
Accepted 23 Nov 2021
Published online 01 Jan 2022
Published in print 07 Mar 2022

How to cite this article

Pubmed Style

Abualfraj A, Halawani A, Alshehri A, Hakim R, Hamam A. An evidence-based assessment of CPR knowledge among healthcare providers in Saudi Arabia. SJEMed. 2022; 3(1): 063-074. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1619377187


Web Style

Abualfraj A, Halawani A, Alshehri A, Hakim R, Hamam A. An evidence-based assessment of CPR knowledge among healthcare providers in Saudi Arabia. https://www.sjemed.com/?mno=76529 [Access: July 02, 2022]. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1619377187


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Abualfraj A, Halawani A, Alshehri A, Hakim R, Hamam A. An evidence-based assessment of CPR knowledge among healthcare providers in Saudi Arabia. SJEMed. 2022; 3(1): 063-074. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1619377187


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Abualfraj A, Halawani A, Alshehri A, Hakim R, Hamam A. An evidence-based assessment of CPR knowledge among healthcare providers in Saudi Arabia. SJEMed. (2022), [cited July 02, 2022]; 3(1): 063-074. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1619377187


Harvard Style

Abualfraj, A., Halawani, . A., Alshehri, . A., Hakim, . R. & Hamam, . A. (2022) An evidence-based assessment of CPR knowledge among healthcare providers in Saudi Arabia. SJEMed, 3 (1), 063-074. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1619377187


Turabian Style

Abualfraj, Abdulelah, Ahmed Halawani, Ali Alshehri, Reema Hakim, and Anas Hamam. 2022. An evidence-based assessment of CPR knowledge among healthcare providers in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine, 3 (1), 063-074. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1619377187


Chicago Style

Abualfraj, Abdulelah, Ahmed Halawani, Ali Alshehri, Reema Hakim, and Anas Hamam. "An evidence-based assessment of CPR knowledge among healthcare providers in Saudi Arabia." Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine 3 (2022), 063-074. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1619377187


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Abualfraj, Abdulelah, Ahmed Halawani, Ali Alshehri, Reema Hakim, and Anas Hamam. "An evidence-based assessment of CPR knowledge among healthcare providers in Saudi Arabia." Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine 3.1 (2022), 063-074. Print. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1619377187


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Abualfraj, A., Halawani, . A., Alshehri, . A., Hakim, . R. & Hamam, . A. (2022) An evidence-based assessment of CPR knowledge among healthcare providers in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine, 3 (1), 063-074. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1619377187


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