Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine

Original Article
SJEMed. 2021; 2(1): 54-59

Safety issues faced by paramedics in ambulances in Saudi Arabia

Authors: Saud Ali Algaribi, Lutfiah Abdulaziz Qawwas, Bandar Al mufareh, Ali Hassan Aldehaim, Mohammed. Al jumaan, Maumon Mahmud, Kharsan Mohammed Almakhalas.

View PDF HTML Fulltext DOI: 10.24911/SJEMed/72-1592791607

Abstract

Background: According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the risk of accident-related fatalities in the rear of an ambulance is more than five times greater than it is in the front seat. The main objective of this research was to assess ambulance design safety and identify limitations that endanger emergency medical service (EMS) providers in Saudi Arabia during their day-to-day work, especially in the rear cabin. Methods: An observational cross-sectional study was conducted via online surveys filled by EMS providers and a checklist filled out by supervisors, section heads, and chiefs, in Saudi Arabia, from March 2020 to April 2020. Additionally, a retrospective review was also conducted on reports by various US and international safety organizations. Results: A total 861 participants (832 surveys and 29 checklists) were enrolled. EMS providers expressed significant challenges in terms of ensuring their own safety as well as that of the patients due to the current ambulance design, where 79% (22/29) of checklist participants and 87% (718/861) of survey participants indicated dissatisfaction with the current ambulance designs. Conclusion: Practically, the design of the current ambulances is often unsafe for providing emergency medical treatment, and therefore the rear cabin is a dangerous environment for both the patient and the EMS provider.

Keywords:   Ground ambulance, rear cab, emergency medical services, injuries, safety system, cabin design


© Copyright: Author(s)

Safety issues faced by paramedics in ambulances in Saudi Arabia


Authors
Saud Ali Algaribi
Researcher and Developer, Disaster and Crisis Administration, Ministry of Health, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia & Emergency Medical Services, Royal Commission Hospital Jubail, Al Jubail, Saudi Arabia
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Lutfiah Abdulaziz Qawwas
Researcher and Developer, Disaster and Crisis Administration, Ministry of Health, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia & Emergency Medical Services, Royal Commission Hospital Jubail, Al Jubail, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Bandar Al mufareh
Emergency Medicine and EMS Consultant, Chairman of ED and EMS Medical Director, Royal Commission Hospital, Al Jubail, Saudi Arabia
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Ali Hassan Aldehaim
Visiting Scientist, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
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Mohammed Al jumaan
Emergency Medicine consultant and Assistant Professor, Emergency Department, King Fahd University Hospital, Khobar, Saudi Arabia
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Maumon Mahmud
Biostatistician, Royal Commission Hospital, Jubail, Saudi Arabia
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Kharsan Mohammed Almakhalas
Head of EMS Department in Royal Commission Hospital in Jubail, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Saud Ali Algaribi, Researcher and Developer, Disaster and Crisis Administration, Ministry of Health, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia & Emergency Medical Services, Royal Commission Hospital Jubail, Al Jubail, Saudi Arabia; SAUDALI0505@GMAIL.COM

Publication history
Received 22 Jun 2020
Accepted 21 Oct 2020
Published online 15 Nov 2020
Published in print 21 Jan 2021

How to cite this article

Pubmed Style

Algaribi SA, Qawwas LA, mufareh BA, Aldehaim AH, jumaan MA, Mahmud M, Almakhalas KM. Safety issues faced by paramedics in ambulances in Saudi Arabia. SJEMed. 2021; 2(1): 54-59. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1592791607


Web Style

Algaribi SA, Qawwas LA, mufareh BA, Aldehaim AH, jumaan MA, Mahmud M, Almakhalas KM. Safety issues faced by paramedics in ambulances in Saudi Arabia. https://www.sjemed.com/?mno=117455 [Access: September 21, 2021]. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1592791607


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Algaribi SA, Qawwas LA, mufareh BA, Aldehaim AH, jumaan MA, Mahmud M, Almakhalas KM. Safety issues faced by paramedics in ambulances in Saudi Arabia. SJEMed. 2021; 2(1): 54-59. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1592791607


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Algaribi SA, Qawwas LA, mufareh BA, Aldehaim AH, jumaan MA, Mahmud M, Almakhalas KM. Safety issues faced by paramedics in ambulances in Saudi Arabia. SJEMed. (2021), [cited September 21, 2021]; 2(1): 54-59. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1592791607


Harvard Style

Algaribi, S. A., Qawwas, . L. A., mufareh, . B. A., Aldehaim, . A. H., jumaan, . M. A., Mahmud, . M. & Almakhalas, . K. M. (2021) Safety issues faced by paramedics in ambulances in Saudi Arabia. SJEMed, 2 (1), 54-59. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1592791607


Turabian Style

Algaribi, Saud Ali, Lutfiah Abdulaziz Qawwas, Bandar Al mufareh, Ali Hassan Aldehaim, Mohammed. Al jumaan, Maumon Mahmud, and Kharsan Mohammed Almakhalas. 2021. Safety issues faced by paramedics in ambulances in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2 (1), 54-59. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1592791607


Chicago Style

Algaribi, Saud Ali, Lutfiah Abdulaziz Qawwas, Bandar Al mufareh, Ali Hassan Aldehaim, Mohammed. Al jumaan, Maumon Mahmud, and Kharsan Mohammed Almakhalas. "Safety issues faced by paramedics in ambulances in Saudi Arabia." Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine 2 (2021), 54-59. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1592791607


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Algaribi, Saud Ali, Lutfiah Abdulaziz Qawwas, Bandar Al mufareh, Ali Hassan Aldehaim, Mohammed. Al jumaan, Maumon Mahmud, and Kharsan Mohammed Almakhalas. "Safety issues faced by paramedics in ambulances in Saudi Arabia." Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine 2.1 (2021), 54-59. Print. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1592791607


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Algaribi, S. A., Qawwas, . L. A., mufareh, . B. A., Aldehaim, . A. H., jumaan, . M. A., Mahmud, . M. & Almakhalas, . K. M. (2021) Safety issues faced by paramedics in ambulances in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2 (1), 54-59. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1592791607


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