Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine

Original Article
SJEMed. 2022; 3(2): 138-144

Psychological and mental wellbeing of healthcare workers in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic

Authors: Faisal Y. almazroua, Abdulaziz Almutairi, Farhan Alanazi, Ayman Talla, Mazi Alanazi.

View PDF HTML Fulltext DOI: 10.24911/SJEMed/72-1640256220

Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has induced a substantial burden on healthcare organizations, with increased workload and stress for healthcare providers. Healthcare professionals working on the frontline are vulnerable to stress, putting their psychological and mental wellbeing in considerable jeopardy. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study using data collected from a self-administered questionnaire that was distributed electronically to healthcare workers. The validated Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) and the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE) were used to measure the level of stress of the healthcare professionals and the psychological impact of the pandemic on them. Results: Two hundred and thirteen participants were included. A third of the responders (34.3%) were previously infected with COVID-19, while 72.3% had to self-isolate during the pandemic. The average score for the K10 questionnaire was 24.8 ± 9 out of 50, where almost a third of the responders (33.3%) had very high psychological stress levels. The average score for the GSE was 30.2 ± 5.3 points out of 40. Nurses and physicians (p = 0.033) showed significantly higher scores on the K10 survey. Furthermore, nurses between ages 20 and 29 (p = 0.025) and nurses of any age (p = 0.009) had significantly high levels of psychological stress. Conclusion: Healthcare professionals are at significant risk of psychological and mental adverse effects, particularly nurses on the frontline. Such findings should drive initiatives to prepare task forces that can put forward and implement strategies to minimize the risk imposed on the psychological and mental wellbeing of frontline health workers.

Keywords:   Keywords: COVID-19, Saudi Arabia, Frontline, Psychological, Mental, Stress


© Copyright: Author(s)

Psychological and mental wellbeing of healthcare workers in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic


Authors
Faisal Y almazroua
Department of Emergency Medicine, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Executive Administration of Medical Affairs, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulaziz Almutairi
Department of Emergency Medicine, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Internal Audit Department, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Farhan Alanazi
Department of Emergency Medicine, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Ayman Talla
Department of Emergency Medicine, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Mazi Alanazi
Department of Emergency Medicine, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Mazi Alanazi, Department of Emergency Medicine, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; moazi-99@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 28 Feb 2022
Accepted 09 Mar 2022
Published online 17 Mar 2022
Published in print 08 Jun 2022

How to cite this article

Pubmed Style

almazroua FY, Almutairi A, Alanazi F, Talla A, Alanazi M. Psychological and mental wellbeing of healthcare workers in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic. SJEMed. 2022; 3(2): 138-144. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1640256220


Web Style

almazroua FY, Almutairi A, Alanazi F, Talla A, Alanazi M. Psychological and mental wellbeing of healthcare workers in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic. https://www.sjemed.com/?mno=116047 [Access: February 08, 2023]. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1640256220


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

almazroua FY, Almutairi A, Alanazi F, Talla A, Alanazi M. Psychological and mental wellbeing of healthcare workers in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic. SJEMed. 2022; 3(2): 138-144. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1640256220


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

almazroua FY, Almutairi A, Alanazi F, Talla A, Alanazi M. Psychological and mental wellbeing of healthcare workers in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic. SJEMed. (2022), [cited February 08, 2023]; 3(2): 138-144. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1640256220


Harvard Style

almazroua, F. Y., Almutairi, . A., Alanazi, . F., Talla, . A. & Alanazi, . M. (2022) Psychological and mental wellbeing of healthcare workers in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic. SJEMed, 3 (2), 138-144. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1640256220


Turabian Style

almazroua, Faisal Y., Abdulaziz Almutairi, Farhan Alanazi, Ayman Talla, and Mazi Alanazi. 2022. Psychological and mental wellbeing of healthcare workers in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic. Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine, 3 (2), 138-144. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1640256220


Chicago Style

almazroua, Faisal Y., Abdulaziz Almutairi, Farhan Alanazi, Ayman Talla, and Mazi Alanazi. "Psychological and mental wellbeing of healthcare workers in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic." Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine 3 (2022), 138-144. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1640256220


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

almazroua, Faisal Y., Abdulaziz Almutairi, Farhan Alanazi, Ayman Talla, and Mazi Alanazi. "Psychological and mental wellbeing of healthcare workers in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic." Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine 3.2 (2022), 138-144. Print. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1640256220


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

almazroua, F. Y., Almutairi, . A., Alanazi, . F., Talla, . A. & Alanazi, . M. (2022) Psychological and mental wellbeing of healthcare workers in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic. Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine, 3 (2), 138-144. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1640256220


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