Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine

Original Article
SJEMed. 2021; 2(1): 65-70

The prognosis of MERS cases with comorbidities in Saudi Arabia 2012-2019

Authors: Hisham Hassan Ali Dinar, Jalal Alowais, Badr Alotaibi, Ives Hubloue.

View PDF HTML Fulltext DOI: 10.24911/SJEMed/72-1594805088

Abstract

Background: Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is a severe respiratory illness that was first identified in 2012, following the outbreaks in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). The main aim of this study was to determine the prognosis of MERS patients with comorbidities, through the measurement of the fatality rate. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study that included patients diagnosed with MERS, from 2012 to 2019, within the KSA. The fatality rate was measured for cases with and without comorbidities, based on various classifications of chronic disease. Results: Of the patients diagnosed with MERS and comorbidities, 327 (45%) patients were deceased, whereas only 49 (21%) of the MERS cases without comorbidities died. Based on the fatality rates, MERS cases with endocrine diseases, renal diseases, other comorbidities (including septic shock and obesity), and cardiovascular diseases were the most vulnerable, with fatality rates of 49% (247), 48% (41), 47% (77), and 41% (558), respectively. Conclusion: This study suggests that the prognosis for MERS cases with comorbidities is poorer than for cases without comorbidities. Male gender and older age were associated with increased cases of fatality rate.

Keywords:   MERS, comorbidities, fatality rate, public health


© Copyright: Author(s)

The prognosis of MERS cases with comorbidities in Saudi Arabia 2012-2019


Authors
Hisham Hassan Ali Dinar
General Directorate of Emergencies, Disasters & Ambulance Services, Deputyship of Therapeutic Services, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Jalal Alowais
General Directorate of Emergencies, Disasters & Ambulance Services, Deputyship of Therapeutic Services, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Badr Alotaibi
General Directorate of Emergencies, Disasters & Ambulance Services, Deputyship of Therapeutic Services, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ives Hubloue
Department of Emergency Medicine and Research Group on Emergency and Disaster Medicine, University Hospital Brussels, Jette, Belgium
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Hisham Hassan Ali Dinar, General Directorate of Emergencies, Disasters and Ambulance Services, Deputyship of Therapeutic Services, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; hisham.alidinar@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 15 Jul 2020
Revised 27 Sep 2020
Accepted 12 Oct 2020
Published online 28 Oct 2020
Published in print 21 Jan 2021

How to cite this article

Pubmed Style

Dinar HHA, Alowais J, Alotaibi B, Hubloue I. The prognosis of MERS cases with comorbidities in Saudi Arabia 2012-2019. SJEMed. 2021; 2(1): 65-70. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1594805088


Web Style

Dinar HHA, Alowais J, Alotaibi B, Hubloue I. The prognosis of MERS cases with comorbidities in Saudi Arabia 2012-2019. https://www.sjemed.com/?mno=101920 [Access: December 06, 2022]. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1594805088


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dinar HHA, Alowais J, Alotaibi B, Hubloue I. The prognosis of MERS cases with comorbidities in Saudi Arabia 2012-2019. SJEMed. 2021; 2(1): 65-70. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1594805088


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dinar HHA, Alowais J, Alotaibi B, Hubloue I. The prognosis of MERS cases with comorbidities in Saudi Arabia 2012-2019. SJEMed. (2021), [cited December 06, 2022]; 2(1): 65-70. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1594805088


Harvard Style

Dinar, H. H. A., Alowais, . J., Alotaibi, . B. & Hubloue, . I. (2021) The prognosis of MERS cases with comorbidities in Saudi Arabia 2012-2019. SJEMed, 2 (1), 65-70. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1594805088


Turabian Style

Dinar, Hisham Hassan Ali, Jalal Alowais, Badr Alotaibi, and Ives Hubloue. 2021. The prognosis of MERS cases with comorbidities in Saudi Arabia 2012-2019. Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2 (1), 65-70. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1594805088


Chicago Style

Dinar, Hisham Hassan Ali, Jalal Alowais, Badr Alotaibi, and Ives Hubloue. "The prognosis of MERS cases with comorbidities in Saudi Arabia 2012-2019." Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine 2 (2021), 65-70. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1594805088


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dinar, Hisham Hassan Ali, Jalal Alowais, Badr Alotaibi, and Ives Hubloue. "The prognosis of MERS cases with comorbidities in Saudi Arabia 2012-2019." Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine 2.1 (2021), 65-70. Print. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1594805088


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dinar, H. H. A., Alowais, . J., Alotaibi, . B. & Hubloue, . I. (2021) The prognosis of MERS cases with comorbidities in Saudi Arabia 2012-2019. Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2 (1), 65-70. doi:10.24911/SJEMed/72-1594805088


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